MPICO Limited (MPICO.mw) listed on the Malawi Stock Exchange under the Property sector has released it’s 2013 abridged results.For more information about MPICO Limited (MPICO.mw) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the MPICO Limited (MPICO.mw) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: MPICO Limited (MPICO.mw) 2013 abridged results.Company ProfileMalawi Property Investment Company Limited (MPICO) is a property company with interests in property development, rentals and property management. The company owns, leases, manages and develops commercial, residential and industrial properties in major towns and cities in Malawi. MPICO’s property portfolio includes offices, high-rise buildings, residential homes, warehouses and retail outlets; providing property solutions for clients in the major towns and cities of Malawi, including Blantyre, Lilongwe and Mzuzu. MPICO owns 35 commercial buildings and a selection of flats, private-lease houses and guest lodges; Its subsidiaries included Capital Developments Limited and New Capital Properties Limited. Malawi Property Investment Company Limited (MPICO) is listed on the Malawi Stock Exchange
Photographs: Dero SanfordText description provided by the architects. Located on a four acre lot in a quiet neighborhood near Fayetteville’s urban core, sloping significantly to the southeast and views of undeveloped woods, the architecture is conceived as a transitional filter between the city and the woodlot.Save this picture!© Dero SanfordSited near the lower end of the site to preserve a stand of large hardwoods as a buffer between itself and the neighborhood, the north (city) side is composed of limited openings in and around a series of massive board formed concrete walls, which like the native stones on the site, will develop a mossy patina with time. Save this picture!© Dero SanfordAfter one enters the house, the walls are seen to be hollowed, and the spaces within exposed. The south (woodlot) side is revealed in its almost total transparency. Main living spaces share visual and physical access to the south, spilling down a series of terraces to the woods below. The most private areas of the house are to the south, and elevated, affording “tree-house” views of the woodlot. Save this picture!© Dero SanfordOur client works at home, at night, requiring temporal separation of different parts of the house from one another. There are really three “shifts” in their daily life: He works while she sleeps, she works while he sleeps, and a third of the day is shared. We use both horizontal and vertical buffering strategies to accommodate these use patterns in any combination.Save this picture!Project gallerySee allShow lessRe-qualification and Redevelopment of the Beach and Seafront of Figueira da Foz and …ArticlesWhat Makes it GREEN? – Live Jury Interviews, Winners Announcement, and ReceptionArticles Share CopyHouses•Fayetteville, United States Save this picture!© Dero Sanford+ 12 Share CopyAbout this office3GD IncOfficeFollowProductsWoodGlassConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesFayettevilleHousesUnited StatesPublished on April 18, 2012Cite: “Jones Residence / 3GD Inc” 18 Apr 2012. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
Howard Lake | 26 October 2007 | News Developing Major Gifts 16 (New Directions for Philanthropic Fundraising, 16) AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis 13 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.
Howard Lake | 18 June 2012 | News Radio listeners will hear interviews with people living in the communities that will benefit from The Big Dig Appeal, getting an insight into the impact a lack of clean water and adequate toilets has on everyday life. AJ Leon of Misfit Inc has been involved in creating this content with WaterAid. Radio advertising specialist RadioWorks and media agency MC&C were instrumental in setting up the appeal, and The Good Agency produced all of the creative to for the project, including the blog.WaterAid is also inviting the public to follow the journey of two of communities, Bokola and Kaniche, as they gain access to these vital services. The Big Dig Blog will give supporters the chance to meet community members and see how WaterAid is transforming lives, culminating in the live drilling of a borehole in September.Mike Colling, MD of MC&C said: “The appeal marks the culmination of six months of hard work, transforming the concept of a joint radio industry campaign to reality. A significant proportion of the UK commercial radio industry has come together to support WaterAid’s Big Dig Appeal and reach as many people as possible with clean water and safe toilets.”The campaign is being promoted with an infographic which supporters can embed on their website:and a totaliser which the charity hopes will be shared in a similar way:www.thebigdig.org Over 30 commercial radio stations support WaterAid’s Big Dig appeal WaterAid today launches The Big Dig Appeal with the support of First Radio and Real Radio stations as well as Bauer’s Kerrang! Radio, talkSPORT and Jazz FM. DJs will be encouraging their listeners to donate by sponsoring them to take part in challenges, including recording a special version of ‘Fever’ and presenting an all-day show without drinking anything.The campaign will be heard by more than 11 million people as a result.The Big Dig Appeal aims to to bring clean, safe water and adequate sanitation to more than 134,000 people in rural Malawi. All money donated by the public will be matched pound for pound by the UK Government from the aid budget. Overall, WaterAid hopes to raise £1.2 million. Advertisement AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis5 114 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis5 About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.
Desde principios de la década de 1980, las corporaciones se han beneficiado de las inversiones a gran escala en lo que se conoce como el “complejo industrial de prisiones”. Este impulso para aumentar los márgenes a cuesta de las/os trabajadores pobres y oprimidos, desproporcionadamente personas de color, se ha convertido en un elemento clave en el crecimiento del encarcelamiento masivo. Las condiciones en la mayoría de las prisiones parecen esclavitud moderna.Desde 1983, cuando se otorgó a CoreCivic el primer contrato para privatizar los establecimientos penitenciarios, la población carcelaria de EUA se ha multiplicado por cinco, de 500.000 a más de 2,2 millones. En 1987, WCC, ahora GEO, recibió su primer contrato de prisión. Para el 2017, estos dos gigantes de prisiones privadas tenían ganancias anuales combinadas de $4 mil millones.No están solos. Un informe del Proyecto de Responsabilidad de Correcciones del Centro de Justicia Urbana, publicado a principios de este año, encontró que más de 3.100 compañías han obtenido miles de millones de ganancias anuales por contratos con alrededor de 130 centros penitenciarios. Estas corporaciones privadas ahora administran casi todos los aspectos de las prisiones, incluida la administración de casos, construcción, equipamiento, servicios de alimentos, atención médica, operaciones y telecomunicaciones.Varios contratos corporativos de prisiones garantizan pagos por cama para el almacenamiento de trabajadoras/es indocumentados y sus familias. En agosto de 2018, el Departamento de Corrección de Pennsylvania firmó un contrato de $15 millones con Smart Communications, con sede en Florida, para procesar el correo personal de las/os prisioneros.Beneficios amenazados por reformas popularesLa publicación en 2010 de “The New Jim Crow” por Michelle Alexander destacó el papel que el racismo ha jugado en el dramático crecimiento de las poblaciones penales, y ayudó a lanzar un amplio movimiento en contra de los aspectos de la encarcelación en masa. Esto ha llevado a cambios en la condena de jóvenes a cadenas perpetuas, a los límites de la pena capital y al inicio de las reformas de la fianza.Sin embargo, como advierte Alexander en su artículo de opinión “The Newest Jim Crow”, ” las recientes reformas de la justicia penal contienen las semillas de un sistema aterrador de e-carcelación.” (New York Times, 8 de noviembre) Alexander define el uso creciente de monitores de tobillo en lugar de la fianza en efectivo como “e- carcelación”.Ante las crecientes demandas de reformas penitenciarias, las corporaciones penitenciarias con fines de lucro han encontrado nuevas formas de reforzar sus ganancias. El Grupo GEO y otras tres grandes corporaciones ahora tienen el monopolio de los contratos para proporcionar monitoreo electrónico de personas en libertad condicional en más de 30 estados. Sus ingresos combinados por monitoreo electrónico superan los $200 millones.Alexander abrió su artículo de opinión reconociendo las victorias electorales de medio término para legalizar la marihuana (Michigan), restablecer los derechos de voto a 1,4 millones de personas con condenas por delitos graves (Florida) y dictar veredictos unánimes de jurado en juicios por delitos graves (Louisiana). Sin embargo, señala que aunque la “práctica de la fianza en efectivo finalmente está llegando a su fin”, las nuevas políticas en varios estados se basan en “algoritmos de evaluación de riesgos para recomendar a las/os jueces si una persona que ha sido arrestada debe ser liberada” sin restricciones o encadenada con un dispositivo de monitoreo GPS.‘E- carcelación’Alexander cuestiona el uso de e-carcelación basado en modelos matemáticos supuestamente “ciegos”. Ella cita a la científica de datos Cathy O’Neil, quien llamó a estos modelos “armas de destrucción matemática” que “no solo están altamente correlacionados con la raza y la clase, sino que también están significativamente influenciados por el sesgo generalizado en el sistema de justicia penal”. O’Neil llama estos algoritmos basados en computadora “opiniones integradas en matemáticas”.A pesar de que la opción de usar un monitor en lugar de pagar una fianza en efectivo puede parecer una “salida de la cárcel”, los dispositivos de monitoreo GPS vienen con una etiqueta de precio considerable: alrededor de $300 mensuales que debe pagar el usuario.Los dispositivos limitan la capacidad de ir más allá de un área controlada, lo que dificulta la obtención o el mantenimiento de un trabajo, el cuidado de sus seres queridos o la visita de familiares que no se encuentran en el área designada. Como explica Alexander, “estás efectivamente sentenciado a una prisión digital al aire libre. Un paso en falso traerá policías a tu puerta”.Los estados también utilizan ampliamente los monitores de tobillo para monitorear a las/os individuos en libertad condicional. En lugar de liberar a las personas después de haber cumplido su condena, el uso de dispositivos de monitoreo de tobillo se ha convertido en la última condición de supervisión impuesta a las personas en libertad condicional.El estudio realizado en julio de 2018 por el Centro para la Justicia en los Medios encontró que las condiciones de supervisión de libertad condicional se han vuelto más estrictas, incluyendo pruebas regulares de drogas, prohibiciones a las personas con las que se puede asociar y un amplio conjunto de tarifas y multas. En Wisconsin, por ejemplo, las personas en libertad condicional pueden enfrentar más de 70 condiciones para la libertad condicional.El estudio del CJM observó la asombrosa cantidad de personas afectadas. Desde 1980 hasta 2015, el número de individuos a nivel nacional en libertad condicional aumentó de 1,1 millones a 4,3 millones. Las filas de individuos en libertad condicional, el enfoque de su informe, casi se cuadruplicaron de 220.400 a 826.100. Cuando a Debbie Africa, miembro de MOVE 9, se le concedió la libertad condicional en junio de 2018, después de haber sido encarcelada injustamente durante casi 40 años, se le exigió que llevara un monitor de tobillo, y su movimiento limitado al Condado de Delaware, en las afueras de Filadelfia. La naturaleza arbitraria de esta imposición se hizo evidente cuando su esposo, Mike Africa Sr., fue liberado en octubre y no enfrentó la misma restricción.Tasas de reincidencia en aumentoComo resultado de estas condiciones draconianas, las tasas de reincidencia están en aumento. En 1980, el 17 por ciento de las personas liberadas fueron enviadas de regreso a prisión debido a “violaciones” de libertad condicional. Esto aumentó a un tercio de las admisiones en prisión en 1999, y las cifras siguen aumentando. El monitoreo electrónico es esencialmente una extensión del encarcelamiento en masa que limita en gran medida la libertad de las personas en libertad condicional y su capacidad para evitar el re encarcelamiento. El crear una condición prolongada de arresto domiciliario, también puede utilizarse para apoyar el aburguesamiento al evitar que las/os prisioneros pasen a los barrios seleccionados por los inversionistas de bienes raíces.Alexander finaliza su artículo de opinión citando la voz cautelar del Reverendo Dr. Martin Luther King Jr: “Cuando las máquinas y las computadoras, los motivos de lucro y los derechos de propiedad se consideran más importantes que las personas, los trillizos gigantes de racismo, materialismo extremo y militarismo no pueden ser conquistados”. Ella agrega: “No prestamos atención a su advertencia en ese entonces. ¿Haremos hoy una elección diferente?”Los llamados para reformar el encarcelamiento en masa seguirán siendo limitados y, en algunos casos, se convertirán en obstáculos a menos que logremos confrontar el sistema del capitalismo con fines de lucro que sigue tratando a los seres humanos como poco más que productos básicos.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
By Andy Eubank – Oct 9, 2014 Facebook Twitter Previous articleNew Report: U.S. Fuel Economy Reaches All-Time HighNext articleMorning Outlook Andy Eubank Facebook Twitter SHARE Indiana High Oleic Beans Yielding Very Well High Oleic bean yieldsSoybean harvest in north-central Indiana is on pause again with more rains moving in this week, but there was good progress last week and good yields reported too. Kevin Wilson farms on the Cass and Howard County border and told HAT his conventional soybeans have run in the mid 60’s to near 70 bushels per acre. The high oleic beans performed just as well.“They hung right in there with the other conventional beans and we did not see any yield drag whatsoever this year. The quality was just real good, the overall health of the beans was as good or better than what we had in some of the others. So overall we were really, really pleased with the outcome.”Wilson said the combination of great yields and incentives have made it an easy decision to plant high oleic beans.“Once you understand the true benefits in the industry of what this oil can do for us as soybean farmers, I think when you consider the total package it’s really kind of a no brainer for me to continue on with this program. I think as the varieties become more and more adaptable to the different zones, I really do think that as we get more and more of the product available for industry that we’ll see a lot of benefits.”He says there is a good chance he’ll devote even more acres to high oleic next year. As for corn harvest Wilson has only shelled 150 acres and so far the yields are good.The HAT harvest update is sponsored by AgriDry. Maximize storage days with our grain quality control solutions. Don’t spoil your profits. Call your local dealer today! SHARE Home Indiana Agriculture News Indiana High Oleic Beans Yielding Very Well
Print BISHOP of Limerick Brendan Leahy has said that while there is real delight at the return to Mass this week, significant challenges are ahead, with some churches possibly delaying opening. RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Advertisement LimerickNewsBishop Leahy – Return to Mass will be great but challengingBy Meghann Scully – June 30, 2020 189 In his weekly statement since the outbreak of COVID-19 at the end of Mass at St. John’s Cathedral today, Bishop Leahy said that opening for masses is a major undertaking for parishes and will have challenges such as people being unable to get access due to some churches being deemed ‘full’ with 50 people under current guidelines. He added: “All this said, the first point is important. This is good news. Let’s be happy about it and thank God this day has come. Let’s remember, however, the Covid-19 menace is still with us. We need to pray that all will go well,” he added. Donal Ryan names Limerick Ladies Football team for League opener “We wish the government well in working their way through these on our behalf. It is a huge onus and I know they will take it on with great integrity and intent. “If I were to hang my hopes on one thing for this government, it would be that, at the end of its term, it would stand tall against the measurement set by Mahatma Ghandi who once stated: ‘A nation’s greatness is measured by how it treats its weakest members’. “There are far too many vulnerable people in our society today; if this government sees the world also through their eyes, many things will fall into place.” he concluded. “There’ll be stewards directing people to a specific seat and directing them to receive Holy Communion and again when leaving the Church. Great patience, forbearance and co-operation will be needed. For instance, we currently have a clear maximum limit of 50 people in a Church with 2 metre social distancing. Limerick Ladies National Football League opener to be streamed live Billy Lee names strong Limerick side to take on Wicklow in crucial Division 3 clash “This might mean, someone will arrive for Mass and the church will be full. That person may have to wait outside and listen to the loudspeaker or may have to return home and follow a Mass by webcam.” Bishop Leahy said that a wide range of safety measures in line with public health guidance have been put in place. The Diocese has held briefing sessions through online Webinars with parish volunteers available on the Diocese website. “I appreciate, however, it has been a major undertaking and some churches, in acting responsibly, will not open immediately and will open only when ready. Some are considering waiting until the number allowed in churches rises,” he added. Meanwhile, Bishop Leahy welcomed the formation of the government but said that the priority must be to look after the most vulnerable in our society. TAGSBishop LeahyKeeping Limerick PostedlimerickLimerick PostMass Linkedin Previous articleChinese Community gifts PPE gear to LimerickNext articleWATCH: Billy Lee on finishing the League and Waterford in Munster Meghann Scully Predictions on the future of learning discussed at Limerick Lifelong Learning Festival WhatsApp Limerick’s National Camogie League double header to be streamed live “I congratulate the members of the new government and assure them of prayers. The responsibility on its members is great. If you input any of the following crises – coronavirus crisis, hospitals crisis, housing crisis, climate crisis, Brexit crisis, mental health crisis and more – into an internet search, you’ll get a fair reflection of the challenge facing this government. Bishop Leahy also stressed that the dispensation from attendance at Sunday Mass is still in place and that some people might find it easier to attend a weekday Mass rather than a Sunday Mass. He also reminded Mass goers that masses will continue to be streamed online from churches with webcams. “It’s a time to return with gratitude in our hearts for the gift that churches, sacraments and our local communities are for us. I am really grateful for all that has gone on in parishes over the past weeks getting ready,” he said. “It is good news that we can resume public celebrations in our churches. Our first reaction to this positive development is one of delight. It is wonderful that we can be back in our churches celebrating the sacraments with one another,” said Bishop Leahy. Facebook Twitter WATCH: “Everyone is fighting so hard to get on” – Pat Ryan on competitive camogie squads Email Bishop Leahy said that the priority now is to make the process of resuming public celebrations as safe as possible for people. “Each of us must play our part in caring for each other. Each person attending Mass needs to be conscious of their personal responsibility, not only for their own health and safety but also the health and safety of their fellow Mass goers. We are all individually and mutually accountable.” He continued: “The new normal is going to take getting used to. We have to be prepared for new routines, new arrangements in our churches and even misunderstandings. “We’ll find ourselves sitting apart, many wearing masks, the priest and Eucharistic Ministers wearing a mask for the distribution of Holy Communion. Churches will be implementing a one-way system of entry and exit to avoid, as far as possible, people meeting face to face.
ColumnsThe Law And The Dead; Necrophilia Meghna Nimbekar & Lokesh Mishra24 Jun 2020 7:41 AMShare This – xThe Criminal Justice System is dynamic in nature. As a result, it becomes a task to cope with new situations that may arise in our society. It faces the questions on the abstract concept of what is evil and how the justice system must weed out the same. What is essentially immoral can be relative and subjective term, having said that, what can never be undermined by the individual, is…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Criminal Justice System is dynamic in nature. As a result, it becomes a task to cope with new situations that may arise in our society. It faces the questions on the abstract concept of what is evil and how the justice system must weed out the same. What is essentially immoral can be relative and subjective term, having said that, what can never be undermined by the individual, is the common dignity of the society. Anything contrary to what happens to be generally accepted and not against the common-good, dignity of the society, ought to be classified as spiteful, and thus: evil/immoral. Our courts have adopted the objective test of what ‘shakes the collective conscienceof the society’, and have been able to take steps further, in analysing the natureof evil in others, so as to balance the individual and societal interests.Essentially, ‘the societal interests help shape the scope of the principles offundamental justice’. The change in rape laws after the Mathura Case, the disgust brought about as a result of the barbaric facts of the case of Darbara Singh (‘Serial Baby Killer’), the rarest of the rare case of Nithari Killings, and the hue and cry post Nirbhaya’s case; are evidence to the fact that changes, sometimes are a result of unprecedented acts, subsequently capable of being well-classified as offences. The authors seek to highlight the need and importance of criminalising one such act, which has escaped the limits of the law from quite some time –the act of committing sexual intercourse on the dead – ‘Necrophilia’. More precisely, it is defined as ‘the fascination with death and the dead’ or ‘an erotic attraction to the corpses’. Professedly, the case of Darbara Singh and the Nithari Killings, were barbaric in nature, not only because of the number of murders involved, but also because of the manner in which the offences were committed. The miscreants went on to the extent of committing sexual intercourse on the dead bodies of young children (who were killed by them). Nevertheless, the penal laws could not punish the accused insofar as the act of sexual intercourse on the dead was concerned as there was (and still is!) no legal provision dealing with such acts. The Indian Law; classifying the acts related to the Dead The vacuum in the law is such, that the Indian Penal Code, 1860 (IPC) provides for very limited areas to cover ‘offences against the dead’. Section 297 is relevant in this context: “297. Trespassing on burial places, etc. – Whoever, with the intention of wounding the feelings of any person, or of insulting the religion of any person, or with the knowledge that the feelings of any person are likely to be wounded, or that the religion of any person is likely to be insulted thereby, commits any trespass in any place of worship or of any place of sepulchre, or any place set apart from the performance of funeral rights or as a depository for the remains of the dead, or offers any indignity to any human corpse, or causes disturbance to any persons assembled for the performance of funeral ceremonies, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine or both.” Thus, anything as a result of trespass on burial places etc., which hurts the feelings of any person, is ought to be made punishable (so as to safeguard the interest of the living, and resultantly, of the dead); and that a human corpse has some kind of a dignity (hence the use of the word ‘indignity’ in the section itself). Reliance can further be placed on the laws of defamation, wherein the dead can be defamed, if the statement concerned, intends to hurt the feelings of his family or a near relative. Section 297 in the IPC or for that matter section 377 of the IPC (by using the words ‘unnatural offences) does not address the ‘offence’ of necrophilia. Neither does it fit in tune, with the changing notions of crime in the society – where on one hand the dead are revered, and on the other hand, they are not even secure qua their resting state. The position of the dead, may further be argued in the light of Article 21 of the Constitution of India. The interpretation of Article 21, is yet again expanded by the Supreme Court wherein the right to life has been extended not only to the living but also to his dead body. As a result, ipso facto, the definition of ‘person’ as contained under the IPC ought to include a human corpse as well. To further establish the sanctity attributed to the dead, the Madras High Court has observed that a dead person, undoubtedly has a right to privacy.  The last words of the Dead The cogency of the last words of the dead, is accepted in evidence by the Indian Law. Sub-section 2 of section 32 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 creates an exception to the hearsay rule, by admitting the statements of the dead (or those who cannot be found/are incapable of giving evidence), ‘as relevant’ (if they abide by the rule of ‘res gestae’). The width and contour of the statements (legal declaration, to be precise!) of the dead, is further expanded by giving effect to his Will through the laws of succession. The question before us, is, whether or not these instances give rise to the concept of posthumous rights: if yes, can the definition of “rights” be expanded and answered in the sense of who ‘actually’ can be a legal-right holder? The concept of Brain Deaths Another aspect to consider, is the neurological criteria of defining death which evaluates a series of criterion, giving way to the person being called legally dead. The presence of an irreversible coma, cessation of spontaneous respiration (with the help of Apnea Test), amongst others; are the pre-requisite conditions which are checked and adhered to before declaring a person as brain-dead or legally dead. The effects of brain deaths are directly proportional to the legality involved. In other words, the legislation which comes into effect thereafter, is what needs to be looked into i.e. the Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act, 2011 (THO). This is where the responsibility of the medical practitioner comes in, and consequently, the human organ or tissue, is removed from the body. By virtue of sub-section (e) of section 2, of the THO, a brain-stem dead person is a “deceased person”, signifying that there is a permanent “disappearance of all evidence of life”. Further, the provisions of the THO provide for seeking of an authority from either the near relative, or the person in-charge of the deceased. A mention of deaths of persons below eighteen years, and who is an authority thereof, is also covered under the THO. Looking closely into the objects and reasons of the coming into effect of the THO in 1994, and the intent of the legislature, it would be apt to comment that the idea was to keep a check on the handling of the dead bodies. Resultantly, organ transplantations, particularly of the dead, are therefore, illegal (without the consent of the person before he dies, or of an authority as mentioned under the THO). Nevertheless, the concept of brain-deaths is not greatly appreciated (even though there is a need to popularise the concept); per contra, it may be said that death, to human-mind may be more than a certification from the concerned medical practitioners. Often times, the callousness of the ones in-charge of the dead bodies in the mortuary, costs nothing to them as there is no law for the same. Even during the current COVID-19 situation, the defiling of the bodies of the dead, is a common phenomenon. Again, do dead bodies and their protection thereof, remain a question of mere ethics? Necrophilia: tracing it through time Rossman and Resnick (1989) highlighted “the most common motive of the true necrophiles was to possess an unresisting and un-rejecting partner.” Reference to necrophilia may be drawn from historical art and literature. The ancient Egyptians were engaged in embalming the dead, for it was their belief in after-life. Herodotus, a Greek writer, wrote much to prevent any indignity to the dead. The bodies were not given in for embalmment soon after the death, rather they were kept for three to four days as they ‘feared desecration and necrophilic sexual abuse’. The modern culture also, does not leave the idea behind: necrophilia continues to be a loud theme, highlighted through art and literature. This surfaces one of the very dark sides of human nature, and it remains a time-worn reality. The mythological stories of the Greek, fascinate us with the bizarre acts of both humans and the gods. The resurrection from the dead, so that Horus may be born out of the sexual intercourse between Isis and her dead brother (necrophilia and incest), is just an instance amongst many, where the ideas of morality were still being discovered. Even today, a few who walk among us, are depraved to the extent that they obsess over the dead; the aftereffects of the same must be considered in light of the Indian scenario. At the very outset, the authors have mentioned the incidents that have been associated with sexual activity with the dead. In 2015, the body of a 26-year old woman was found outside the grave; it was raped by three men in Ghaziabad. Recently, in May 2020, a 50-year old man (in Arunachal Pradesh) was arrested on the allegations of sexually assaulting a body of a 14-year old girl, who was dug out from her grave. In the absence of a legal provision, the trend is to charge such miscreants of a lesser offence. How can an act like necrophilia, be excluded from the web of the criminal justice system of India? However, even in the common law, the recognition of the act of necrophilia, is of a recent origin. The reason attached to the exclusion, or why necrophilia is not treated like other sexual offences, is the taboo attached to the offence. Even the British, as per Criminologist, Dr Jason Roach, were cocooned within the fear and embarrassment of sexual activity with the dead body. Emulating other nations The United Kingdoms – it was Jimmy Savile, who examined the academic issues and claims concerned with necrophilia as there was an ambiguity regarding whether necrophilia must be considered an offence. The legal position before the Sexual Offences Act, 2003, was based on the same idea that Indian law may want to retain itself with i.e. the dead cannot give consent. Subsequently, section 70 of the Act of 2003 criminalises a person for ‘sexual penetration of a corpse’. A bifurcation in providing punishment on summarily and indictment basis, is provided – the maximum imprisonment not being beyond 2 years.Australia – the criminal liability to anyone who commits an act of necrophilia, is well-established by section 214 of the Criminal Code of Western Australia, though it does not mention the word expressly: an imprisonment of 2 years is provided for.New South Wales – the Crimes Act 1900, addresses necrophilia separately: Division 11, wherein any act of indecent interference with the dead body, inter alia, extracts a punishment of two years.France –the French Penal Code punishes the persons guilty of necrophilia with an imprisonment of 1 year and a fine up to 15,000 euros. An interesting noting is that the offence is categorised under the head “affect on integrity of a corpse”. This ought to bring the reader to the primary statements of the authors, wherein arguments are made with regards to the dignity of a human corpse. There can be an argument that the necrophiliacs have a mental condition which needs to be treated with, and therefore, they must not be sent into the rigours of criminal law, but an offence is an offence subject to all just exceptions. It is for the law makers to think deeply into this. Views are personal only.  Vanessa A MacDonnell, ‘R v. Sinclair:  Tuka Ram and Another v. State of Maharashtra, 1979 AIR 185.  The State of Punjab Prosecutor v. Darbara Singh, Criminal Appeal No. 138-DB of 2008.  Surendra Kohli v. State of U.P., SLP (Cri) No. 608 of 2010.  Mukesh and Another v. State for NCT of Delhi, SLP (Cri) Nos. 3119-3120 of 2014.  Webster’s New World Dictionary 950 (2nd Ed. 1970).  Raju v. Chacko, 2005 (4) KLT 197.  Paramanand Kataria, Advocate v. Union of India & Another, (1995) 3 SCC 248.  Amrutha v. The Commissioner, W.P. No. 33762 of 2017.  Anant Dattatray Dhanwate, ‘Brainstem death: A comprehensive review in Indian Perspective’, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4166875/. Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story
Jaclyn Trop(MOKELUMNE HILL, Calif.) — Authorities are actively searching the foothills of the Sierra Nevada mountain range for Davey Johnson, a veteran auto journalist who disappeared five days ago in the tiny town of Mokelumne Hill, California.Johnson, who was testing a Honda CB1000R motorcycle as part of an assignment for Motorcyclist magazine, had briefly detoured into town after driving through the mountain range on his way to Sacramento, where he lives, according to his fiance, Jaclyn Trop. She alerted the Calaveras County Sheriff’s Office on June 7 that he was missing. “I never go more than 12 hours with talking to him,” she told ABC News by phone. “We were supposed to meet up in Salt Lake City on June 8.”The last contact she had with Johnson, 43, was at 5 a.m. EST on June 5 when he sent her a text message, assuring her he was safe.“I left the summit about dark, which had me worried about ice so I was going on no miles an hour for a while, and then I was just so tired that I stopped to rest a few times,” he said in the text, which Trop shared with ABC News. “But I had a great time before it got dark. That part of the Sierra is just stupidly spectacular. Anyway, I’m so sorry I worried you. Yes, I’m okay and alive, but I am WIPED. I love you very much, Jaclyn Sara Trop!”According to Trop, the motorcycle Johnson was driving was located by authorities near the Mokelumne River, where Johnson allegedly went for a swim. His backpack, clothes, cellphone and computer were found by authorities. But not his wallet.The last contact she had with Johnson, 43, was at 5 a.m. EST on June 5 when he sent her a text message, assuring her he was safe.“I left the summit about dark, which had me worried about ice so I was going on no miles an hour for a while, and then I was just so tired that I stopped to rest a few times,” he said in the text, which Trop shared with ABC News. “But I had a great time before it got dark. That part of the Sierra is just stupidly spectacular. Anyway, I’m so sorry I worried you. Yes, I’m okay and alive, but I am WIPED. I love you very much, Jaclyn Sara Trop!”According to Trop, the motorcycle Johnson was driving was located by authorities near the Mokelumne River, where Johnson allegedly went for a swim. His backpack, clothes, cellphone and computer were found by authorities. But not his wallet.Trop said she fears Johnson may have drowned in the river.“He was probably swept away in the river,” she said. “The detective said the current has never been so fast and so high. He’s not really an experienced swimmer.”A search and rescue team spent Saturday and Sunday combing through the Calaveras County region off Highway 49 looking for clues. Around 40 people were helping with the effort, which has included two boats, a helicopter and six dogs, according to Trop. The Calaveras County Sheriff’s Office did not immediately respond to ABC News’ request for comment.Johnson, who was one of the first employees at Jalopnik, an auto review website, gained fame for his reviews at Car and Driver magazine. Jonny Lieberman, senior features editor at Motor Trend, first met Johnson in 2002 in Los Angeles, and the two later worked together at Jalopnik. Johnson was “loved by everybody,” Lieberman told ABC News, adding that Johnson was incredibly influential in the cutthroat auto journalism industry.“He told me he had never been happier and he had the perfect girlfriend,” Lieberman told ABC News. “Everything was going his way.”Chris Cantle, editor-in-chief of Motorcyclist, said Johnson had a way of turning “mundane things into an adventure.”“Johnson could have taken the freeway to Sacramento from Irvine,” he told ABC News. “He was riding alone in the mountains but has good judgment. We trust Davey.” Julia LePalme, Johnson’s friend and industry colleague, said Johnson was diligent at keeping in contact when he was alone on drives.“He was an avid motorcyclist,” she told ABC News. “He was probably exhausted and fatigued and suffering from elevation sickness.”“He was a road warrior,” she added. “He loved these road trips.”Trop said she and Johnson were going to officially announce their engagement next week. The were both looking forward to an upcoming trip on the Queen Mary 2 cruise ship.“He’s just incredible. Like magic,” Trop said. “There’s no one like him.” Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.